This page is a collaboration between Unknown User (ph618) and Rachael Kiddey. This is the space in which we are working on a potential article for Antiquity on conceptual links between Rachael's project and archaeological/anthropological understandings of hunter-gatherer lifeways.
Rachael wanted to connect the project with archaeological material and methods: partly as a tactical decision to help convince sceptics of the archaeological value of her project, partly to understand the value of those links in their own right.
Patrick was just fascinated by the project and wanted to tag along and help out if he could.
Build links between the conceptual approaches to the work and the frameworks and ideas used in Mesolithic studies. It's important to avoid making simplistic (and invalid) empirical links:
homeless people's sites often look a bit like X
Mesolithic sites often look a bit like Y
Y looks like X
Therefore Mesolithic people and homeless people live similarly. Innit.
Possibly look at a combination of etic and emic understanding of homeless lifeways and assess links between these and the lives of (particularly high-latitude) hunter-gatherers.
- Etic categories would include:
Settlement patterning - not necessarily the details of the patterns but the hints that such patterns exist (important to remember scales of analysis city/valley, year, lifetime)
The causes for this patterning may have similar patterning! Safety, visibility, resources etc. (try not to sound too Maslowian!)
- Emic categories would include:
The possibility that many homeless people's rejection of regimented, mainstream life leads to a mind set that has similarities to those of a hunter-gatherer. For example differences in the perception of time, self, property, safety, others, requirements.
References and resources
Novels and narratives:
- Brody, H. 2002. The Other Side of Eden: Hunter-Gatherers, Farmers and the Shaping of the World. London: Faber and Faber.
- Groot, S., D. Hodgetts, L. Waimarea Nikora & C. Leggat-Cook 2011. A Māori homeless woman. Ethnography 12, 375 -397
- Kiddey, R. & J. Schofield 2011. Embrace the Margins: Adventures in Archaeology and Homelessness. Public Archaeology 10, 4-22.
- Letkemann, P. G. 2004. First Nations Urban Migration And The Importance Of “Urban Nomads” In Canadian Plains Cities: A Perspective From The Streets. Canadian Journal of Urban Research 13
- Sheehan, R. 2010. “I’m protective of this yard”: long-term homeless persons’ construction of home place and workplace in a historical public space. Social & Cultural Geography 11, 539-558