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The public presentation of the Mesolithic in Europe

The Mesolithic is presented and received very differently in different areas of Europe. Broadly this varies on a national level but there are also more nuanced regional variations.
As in Britain, information about the Mesolithic gets from specialists (archaeologists) to the public through a variety of interfaces such as museums, traditional media (television, radio, newspapers), schools, popular books - (fiction and non-fiction), artistic work (performances, fine arts), direct outreach (public lectures, site tours, experimental archaeology), archaeological/historical societies and specifically web-based dissemination.
These are not all easy to examine for non-natives but it is important to recognise that each are likely to be present in some form.

Rationale for comparisons

It is important for the aims of this project to understand the presentation of the Mesolithic in Britain as best as possible in a holistic manner. The reasons for understanding the presentation in Europe is more oriented to developing an understanding of some of the most exemplary methods for presenting the Mesolithic. Therefore, this investigation will be more weighted to using Mesolithic presentation sites (Museums, Archaeoparks, Excavation-based centres) that are identified as being particularly engaging as case studies. If these use other ways of engaging the public (i.e school visits, experimental archaeology, books) it is assumed that their staff will be best placed to give formal information on such interfaces in the particular country.


Historical factors

There are clearly historical patterns that have influenced the variability in the presentation of the Mesolithic across Europe. Major factors in these patterns include the local presence of other major archaeological periods and national histories since the Renaissance. Denmark for example has no Palaeolithic archaeology due to glaciation and no Roman occupation - this makes the Mesolithic far more prominent in the discoveries and consequently in the national consciousness.


The most direct presentation of archaeological material to the public tends to be in heritage attractions. By visiting a number of these around Europe and analysing their presentations it should be possible to build an understanding of what may be transferable to the presentation of the Mesolithic in Britain.
The sorts of heritage attractions that present Mesolithic material can be broadly divided into three types: museums, archaeoparks and Excavation-based centres.


It is important to assess the presentation of the Mesolithic at each site (or in each country as a whole) within a balanced framework that is evenly applied but is sufficiently sensitive to pick up local reasons for differences.

Initial assessments

The initial phase of the desk-based assessment of the sites is designed to locate sites for visiting. An interactive map is being developed that summarises sites across Europe that present the Mesolithic. This can be publicised through colleagues and Mesolithic Miscellany in order to get comments and recommendations about which sites may be most fruitful for investigation.

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  1. Unknown User (ph618)

    In Denmark, the 'Jægerstenalderen', the hunting stone age (synonomous with Mesolithic) provided evidence of the 'first Danes' and was therefore the root of accounts of Danish history. In England interest in prehistory was far more focused on the 'antiquity of man' and much archaeological work was used reinforce parallels between the Roman Empire and the British one. Developments in Wales, Scotland and Ireland were different again, and despite parallels between the archaeologies of Ireland and Scotland to Denmark, the local developments were very different. By exploring and comparing the developments in each of these countries from the 19th century onwards this paper