Arts and Humanities
|Title of project or initiative|
(Main entrant listed first)
|Aspectus: A Journal for Visual Culture|
Caitlin Doley, Postgraduate Researcher, History of Art (co-founder and editor-in-chief, 2018-20)
Blair Apgar (co-founder and editor-in-chief, 2018-19), Dr Marte Stinis (editor-in-chief, 2019-20), Charlotte Davis (editor-in-chief, 2020-21), Katerina Perdiki (editor-in-chief, 2020-21), Eliza Goodpasture (editor-in-chief, 2021-present day). All other editorial board members are listed on the homepage of the issue(s) that they helped produce.
Aspectus was founded in 2018 as an open access professional outlet for members of the postgraduate History of Art Community. Its editorial board are committed to contributing to the larger academic discussion of their discipline in a way that does not privilege economic status or university affiliation, and so are committed to the open access model and the principles of equality through access. The journal has been exceptionally well-received by the wider art history research community, receiving over 10,000 views since the first issue was released.
The Aspectus editorial board members are proud to work with an academic journal that enables scholars to share their findings within a larger research network without being subject to article processing charges or other fees now often associated with publication, an unattainable model for the vast majority of early career researchers.
^ Screenshot from the Aspectus journal site (https://aspectus.york.ac.uk/). Credit: © 2022 Aspectus: A Journal of Visual Culture.
|Teaching Early Modern Recipes & Manuscript Cultures|
Grace Murray, Postgraduate Researcher, English and Related Literature
Emma Marshall, Postgraduate Researcher, History
Dr Katherine Hunt, Lecturer in 16th and 17th Century Literature, School of Literature, Drama and Creative Writing, University of East Anglia
This project was funded by the Centre for Renaissance and Early Modern Studies (CREMS) at the University of York.
Teaching Early Modern Recipes and Manuscript Cultures grew as a satellite project to the 'transcribathons' offered by the Early Modern Recipes Online Collective (EMROC). These are day-long collective efforts to read, transcribe, and encode recipes for food and medicine from a selection of manuscripts in the Wellcome Collection and the library of the Royal College of Physicians.
Grace and Emma set out to create a formal framework for colleagues to use both at York and in other institutions to host their own ‘mini-transcribathons’, in order to introduce beginners to working digitally with manuscripts and to facilitate intergenerational academic collaboration. They aimed to reconnect researchers feeling isolated during the COVID-19 pandemic, and encourage students to take part in the cutting-edge scholarship underway on early modern recipe books at York and internationally.
The researchers aimed to create a toolkit for getting undergraduates ready for transcribing, and planned a small event in November 2021 to test out their newly compiled materials. The main objective was to ensure that the materials could be reused and reproduced, and that they were accessible to an audience with no previous expertise in manuscript transcription. The positive reception of this initial event inspired them to propose a re-run for the Centre for Lifelong Learning in autumn 2022, which will bring manuscript recipes to an even wider public audience. They have submitted a reflection on the pedagogical aims of this project for journal publication, and hope that their success will encourage colleagues to put together similar projects in their own institutions.
^ Screenshot from 'Transcribing Manuscript Recipes: Getting Started' video presentation (click to enlarge). Credit: © 2022 Grace Murray and Emma Marshall. Image: Lady Johanna St. John's recipe book (c.1680). MS. 4338, Wellcome Collection (https://wellcomecollection.org/works/wa8darch), distributed under a Public Domain Mark.
|Title of project or initiative|
(Main entrant listed first)
|Evaluating how connectopic mapping reveals visual field maps in primary visual cortex|
Dr David Watson, Research Associate, Psychology
Prof Timothy Andrews (Supervisor)
The researchers conducted a project using publicly available MRI datasets to investigate how connectopic mapping techniques may be used to reveal functional gradients in human primary visual cortex during movie watching. This project comprised an initial exploratory investigation of data from one publicly available resource (StudyForrest) and the researchers are now conducting a preregistered replication using a second independent dataset obtained from the Human Connectome Project. They have made all the analysis code publicly available on OSF and the research design and analysis plan have been strengthened by feedback provided through the registered report peer review process.
The researchers' positive experience with this process has encouraged other members of the lab, including postgraduate researchers, to adopt similar open research practices.
^ Screenshot from the OSF page, 'An evaluation of how connectopic mapping reveals visual field maps in V1' (https://osf.io/5vupk/). Credit: Project content © 2022 David Watson (software and associated documentation released under an MIT License); web layout © 2011-2022 Center for Open Science.
David Shaw, Research Associate, Environment and Geography
Prof Nicola Carslaw
The development of this model has been funded by a grant from the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, grant number 2018-10083. Conclusions reached or positions taken by researchers or other grantees represent the views of the grantees themselves and not those of the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation or its trustees, officers, or staff.
INCHEM-Py is an open-source box model for solving indoor air chemistry with time. From review to release the model has been focussed on being open and accessible (GitHub link). It has a strong copy left licence meaning that anybody may use, develop, and extract from the model, but must then must also publish anything they do with it under the same open licence. The software was submitted to the Journal of Open Source Software which advocates for open research practices and performs open reviews of submitted works
INCHEM-Py is currently being used by multiple research groups at multiple universities, including PhD and Masters level projects.
^ Screenshot from the GitHub repository page for INCHEM-Py (https://github.com/DrDaveShaw/INCHEM-Py). Credit: © 2022 David Shaw and Nicola Carslaw (software released under a GNU General Public Licence 3.0); web layout © 2022 GitHub, Inc.
|JBU visualisation tool|
Vlad Ungureanu, Postgraduate Researcher, Electronic Engineering and Biology
Dr Andrew Mason (Supervisor)
As a software engineer, Vlad believes that data and tools should be openly available to the scientific community and created with scalability in mind. Throughout the years researchers in the Jack Birch Unit group (JBU, Biology) have generated multiple datasets containing gene expression, but there has not been a centralised tool to visualise and compare the gene data. As a result, Vlad has developed a web app using Python that allows the researchers to compare the gene expression from various datasets between different tissue types and other metadata. The tool was designed with scalability & maintainability in mind, making it easy to add new datasets and improve the graphs and the stats displayed.
^ Image to illustrate two parts of the prototype JBU tool (click to enlarge). Credit: © 2022 Vlad Ungureanu
|Multi- and Uni-modal Illusory Finger Stretching in Healthy Participants|
Kirralise Hansford, Postgraduate Researcher, Psychology
Dr Catherine Preston, Dr Daniel Baker
Supported by a scholarship from The Pain Relief Foundation
This project explores and engages with a wide range of open research practices, including a positive control pilot study, conducting a priori power analyses, preregistering the study with explicit statements about blinding and exploratory analysis (OSF link), and planning to deposit all data in an accessible online repository. These practices were discussed in the wider psychology community through presentation of the project and preregistration at a lab group meeting, engaging discussion about open research practices with colleges from within the University and from other UK institutions. The project also addresses some of the barriers facing open research practices in psychology specifically, such as including statistical tests that do not suffer from reduced statistical power, and implementing positive control measures to address the wider replicability issue within research.
Kirralise plans to conduct a second research project that will be based off this study, looking at the effect of the illusion in chronic pain participants, as a registered report, to participate further in open science research practices at the publication stage.
^ Screenshot from the OSF Registries page, 'Multi- and Uni-modal Illusory Finger Stretching in Healthy Participants' (https://osf.io/trp39). Credit: © 2022 Kirralise Hansford, Catherine Preston, and Daniel Baker; web layout © 2011-2022 Center for Open Science.
|Number Processing in Bilinguals: Does a discrepancy in number systems between a bilingual’s first and second language influence number processing?|
Veniamin Shiron, Undergraduate Student, Psychology
Dr Silke Goebel, Dr Angela de Bruin
Supported by an Experimental Psychological Society Undergraduate Summer Research Bursary
In order to follow the most transparent research practices, the researchers spent the first few weeks of this project solely working on writing the preregistration and publishing it on OSF. This is an extremely important component as it requires in-depth descriptions of most aspects related to the project, which will later allow for replication of findings.
Veniamin presented this project, including its null results, to the wider community as a poster at the Experimental Psychology Society (EPS) conference (link to recording on YouTube). When writing up certain aspects of the project, the researchers made sure that all demographic and language background data that matches participants was reported. Sharing null results is just as important as sharing positive findings, especially with the addition of other experiments to understand where the null result is coming from.
Veniamin's supervisors have taught these core principles about how research should be executed and handled at every stage, and as an aspiring PhD candidate, it has been extremely helpful to learn at such an early stage of their career.
^ Screenshot from the EPS conference poster presentation, 'Number Processing in Bilinguals: Does a discrepancy in number systems between a bilingual’s first and second language influence number processing?' (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KkZHasmR6e8). Credit: © 2022 Veniamin Shiron, Angela de Bruin & Silke Goebel.
|Open Science: The What, Why, & How. A New Workshop Introducing PhD Students to Open Research|
Angela de Bruin, Lecturer, Psychology
This initiative was supported by the Open Science Interest Group in Psychology, in particular Cátia Ferreira De Oliveira, Jamie Cockcroft, and Anna Guttesen
Within the Department of Psychology, Open Research (OR) practices, including study pre-registration, sharing data and publishing open access, are commonly used. However, one of the key challenges remains increasing awareness and supporting use of these OR practices among researchers in all career stages. A crucial step in this process is ensuring early career researchers become familiar with different types of OR from the beginning of their research career and, most importantly, know how they can receive support if needed.
^ Slide from 'Open Science: The What, Why, & How' workshop presentation (https://osf.io/a9gqr/). Credit: © 2022 Angela de Bruin, distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence.
|Understanding the role of sleep in mental health and cognition.|
Scott Cairney, MRC Career Development Award Fellow, Psychology
Submitted on behalf of all members of his lab: Anna Guttesen, Emma Sullivan, Marcus Harrington, Dr Jennifer Ashton and Emily Madden
Supported by an MRC Career Development Award Fellowship (MR/P020208/1)
The overarching goal of this research is to understand the basic mechanisms through which sleep supports cognition and mental health. Open research practices and principles have been at the heart of this project since its inception in 2017, helping Scott and members of his lab to ensure that their outputs are characterised by the highest standards of scientific rigour and transparency.
They have gone to great lengths to engage with a variety of open science initiatives, including: a registered report (a secondary data analysis protocol using a large-scale and publicly available dataset obtained during the initial months of the pandemic, submitted as a registered report to the journal Cortex with their analysis scripts); preregistration of experimental paradigms, analysis methods and hypotheses (notable example on OSF, now published as an open access article in Cerebral Cortex); sharing research data and analysis scripts accompanied by data descriptors and metadata to facilitate new users’ analyses (example on OSF); sharing preprints of submitted manuscripts on psyarxiv.com, biorxiv.org and medrxiv.org; and seeking opportunities to develop individual skills in reproducible methods and share these with peers through the ReproducibiliTea journal club initiative (see list of last year's Awardees).
They have also reflected on potential issues or barriers to open research in their discipline, such as the investment of time required for registered reports, which can be problematic for PhD progression, and have pursued formalising changes to doctoral assessment criteria in their department to help incentivise such practices.
^ An image from the article 'Sleep loss disrupts the neural signature of successful learning' published in Cerebral Cortex showing experimental procedures and tasks (https://doi.org/10.1093/cercor/bhac159). Credit: © 2022 Anna Guttesen, Gareth Gaskell, Emily Madden, Gabrielle Appleby, Zachariah Cross and Scott Cairney, distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence .
|Title of project or initiative|
(Main entrant listed first)
|Parent-mediated play‐based interventions to improve social communication and language skills of preschool autistic children: A systematic review and meta-analysis protocol|
Emre Deniz, Postgraduate Researcher, Education
Dr Gill A Francis, Research Fellow, Prof Carole Torgerson, Professor of Educational Evaluation, Dr Umar Toseeb, Senior Lecturer, Director of the Child and Adolescent Neurodevelopmental Diversity (CANDY) Group
Supported by a Leverhulme Early Career Fellowship
The Child and Adolescent Neurodevelopmental Diversity Research Group (CANDY) are dedicated to the open-science movement and strive to make their research transparent and publicly available to increase reproducibility and replicability. Although researchers have previously reported the overall effectiveness of different types of play-based interventions on the social communication and language skills of autistic children, no previous systematic reviews have yet evaluated the effectiveness of parent-mediated play-based interventions in preschool autistic children. To address this gap in the literature, the group have preregistered a study protocol based on a proposed systematic review and meta-analysis study. This protocol reports their aims, research questions, study methodology and any conflicts of interest.
The study protocol was pre-registered with PROSPERO and uploaded as a preprint on PsyArXiv, making it publicly available for other researchers to openly use, reproduce, and replicate. Any data associated with the study protocol was and will be registered on OSF upon completion of the study. The protocol has so far been downloaded and read by more than 100 researchers on the OSF and has been submitted to an open access journal for publication.
^ Screenshot of protocol on PROSPERO for 'Parent-mediated, Play-based Interventions to Improve Social, Communication, and Language Skills of Preschool Autistic Children with Social, Communication, and Language Needs: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis' (https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero/display_record.php?ID=CRD42022302220). Credit: © 2022 Emre Deniz, Gill Francis, Carole Torgerson and Umar Toseeb.
|Play and Child Development: A Twin Study of Genetic and Environmental Influences on Young Children’s Play|
Dr Gill Althia Francis, Research Fellow, Education
Dr Umar Toseeb, Senior Lecturer (Fellowship Mentor)
Leverhulme Early Career Fellowship
Gill's project straddles a new intersection of interdisciplinary research that involves the use of behavioural genetics research to study children’s playful practices, adopting open science practices to deliver this research in a transparent way.
The initial project idea was developed during her one-year ESRC White Rose Doctoral Training Partnership Fellowship and was preregistered on OSF. The project was redeveloped and extended in phase one of her Leverhulme Early Career Fellowship, so the original preregistration has been updated (OSF link), forked from the original registration with an update provided (OSF link). This means that the same project DOI is used which ensures that initial aspect of the research cycle remains open.
Subsequent outputs from this project (pre-prints, publications) will be added to the project registration. Data may not be shared due to restrictions with using cohort data, but the intention is to share R-scripts from the data analysis at the end of the project. Gill is also in the very early stages of developing a Github profile which will showcase work include including this project.
^ Screenshot of OSF Registries page for 'Play and Psychopathology: An Etiological Work of the influence of Genetic and Environmental factors' (https://osf.io/hjm3x). Credit: © 2021 Gill A Francis, Umar Toseeb, and Kathryn Asbury, distributed under an AFL-3.0 Licence; web layout © 2011-2022 Center for Open Science.
|The L1 influence on the processing and production of L2 tense-aspect by Chinese and Arabic learners of English|
Yu Liu, Postgraduate Researcher, Education
Leah Roberts (Supervisor)
Yu preregistered their project on OSF to make the study design and data collection procedures more transparent, and uploaded all their experimental materials. This included images and recordings created for eye-tracking tasks, stimulus sentences created for the other tasks, and the language background questionnaire used in the study enabling other researchers to download and adapt them to their projects in different contexts. Data and codes will be uploaded and available to reuse once the data analysis is complete and a pre-print will also be made available to the public before Yu submits the manuscript for publication.
^ Screenshot from the OSF page, 'The influence of the L1 on the processing and production of L2 tense-aspect by Chinese and Arabic learners of English' (https://osf.io/VQ32D/). Credit: © 2022 Yu Liu; web layout © 2011-2022 Center for Open Science.